An article on the website of the Indian Social Ecological Model (ISEM), a social ecological model that is based on the model of social ecological systems, argues that there is an inherent conflict between environmentalism and social ecology, which are the foundations of sustainable development.
The article, written by the social ecologist and author of the book Sustainable Development: The Power of Change, Pratibha Bhardwaj, argues the conflict between the two is often a reflection of a lack of understanding of social ecology.
Bhardwai, who is also a member of the Board of Governors of the Institute of Environmental Studies (IES) in Bangalore, said social ecology is the social science of the environment, but environmentalism has a very different approach.
Bhartiwaj is a member and former member of ISEM.
She also runs the Centre for Environment and Environment Change (CEVEC), a research institute that researches the environmental impacts of various development projects in India.
The author said social ecologists have a clear understanding of the ecological system and the need to work to reduce environmental impacts.
Bartlett, however, said that the author is wrong in asserting that there was an inherent clash between environmental and social eco-systems.
She said that there are different levels of social eco, and different ways of understanding the same concept.
“Social eco is not just the understanding of how the environment is.
It also involves a different level of understanding about how to improve the environment.
For instance, if we want to save the planet we need to improve our ability to produce food.
But if we are talking about saving our economy we need a different understanding,” she said.
The writer of the article, Prasanna Baran, argued that social ecology has been hijacked by a few individuals who have gone overboard in creating their own eco-political agendas.
Barre, who was the co-founder of the NGO Environmentalist Movement, said a social ecology movement has been infiltrated by certain individuals who seek to push social ecological theories in the name of environmentalism.
She said that it is unfortunate that environmentalism is being used as a weapon against social ecology in India, and it is also unfortunate that social ecologies are being hijacked by environmentalists who are looking to promote their ideology.
“I don’t see a conflict between social ecology theory and environmentalism,” Baran said.
Bardawalla said that environmentalists are creating a conflict in India by promoting their own agenda and trying to impose their ideology on the indigenous peoples.
Battling the threat posed by social ecologistsBattles between environmentalists and social ecoligists are not new in India as the conflict erupted in 2011, when the then Union Environment Minister, Prakash Javadekar, told the media that there would be no social eco model and environmentalists would have to “grow up” and develop their own.
Javadekar was responding to a question by a reporter about whether social eco models could be developed in India and the issue was raised by environmentalists at a seminar in New Delhi in 2012.
A series of social ecological and environmental model studies have been published in India over the past four years, and some of them have been commissioned by the government to develop a model to reduce pollution in urban areas.
Barca, however in her article, said the environmentalist agenda in India is not about reducing pollution.
“The goal is not to reduce the level of pollution.
The objective is to make pollution less and more controllable,” she wrote.
Bhatt, however argued that the problem is with environmentalism itself.
“Environmentalism is not the solution to the problem.
It is a symptom of the problem,” he said.